India: Success and Challenge
In recent decades, India has emerged as a global economic powerhouse. It is now the seventh-largest economy in the world by nominal gross domestic product (GDP) and at least the fourth largest in purchasing power parity. Much of this success stems from the technology field, India’s fastest-growing sector. Information technology, process outsourcing and software services are among the country’s booming industries.
India is suffering the worst water crisis in its history.
But success is accompanied by great challenges. India is home to about 1.34 billion people and is still growing. Its population, now the world’s second largest, is projected to overtake China’s as early as 2024. This has placed unprecedented stress on the country’s water resources, which are already stretched to meet the needs of a growing population.
In June 2018, the Indian think tank NITI Aayog released a comprehensive report on India’s water status. Among its conclusions:
- India is suffering the worst water crisis in its history.
- 200,000 Indians die each year from lack of clean water.
- 600 million Indians face high-to-extreme water stress.
- By 2020, 21 cities could completely run out of groundwater.
- By 2030, the country’s water demand is projected to be twice the supply.
The booming cities have borne a large portion of India’s water stress. Bangalore, known by some as India’s Silicon Valley, is a good example…
This Special Report article originally appeared on gfa.org.